Université PSL

Publications

RECHERCHER

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Osmotic pressure in polyelectrolyte solutions: cell-model and bulk simulations
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Magnus Ullner, Khawla Qamhieh and Bernard Cabane
Soft Matter - 14 5832-5846 - https://doi.org/10.1039/C8SM00654G - 2018
The osmotic pressure of polyelectrolyte solutions as a function of concentration has been calculated by Monte Carlo simulations of a spherical cell model and by molecular dynamics simulations with periodic boundary conditions. The results for the coarse-grained polyelectrolyte model are in good agreement with experimental results for sodium polyacrylate and the cell model is validated by the bulk simulations. The cell model offers an alternative perspective on osmotic pressure and also forms a direct link to even simpler models in the form of the Poisson–Boltzmann approximation applied to cylindrical and spherical geometries. As a result, the non-monotonic behaviour of the osmotic coefficient seen in simulated salt-free solutions is shown not to rely on a transition between a dilute and semi-dilute regime, as is often suggested when the polyion is modelled as a linear flexible chain. The non-monotonic behaviour is better described as the combination of a finite-size effect and a double-layer effect. Parameters that represent the linear nature of the polyion, including an alternative to monomer concentration, make it possible to display a generalised behaviour of equivalent chains, at least at low concentrations. At high concentrations, local interactions become significant and the exact details of the model become important. The effects of added salt are also discussed and one conclusion is that the empirical additivity rule, treating the contributions from the polyelectrolyte and any salt separately, is a reasonable approximation, which justifies the study of salt-free solutions.
A conductive hydrogel based on alginate and carbon nanotubes for probing microbial electroactivity
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Leopold Mottet, Domitille Le Cornec, Jean-Marc Noel, Frederic Kanoufi, Brigitte Delord, Philippe Poulin, Jerome Bibette, and Nicolas Bremond
Soft Matter - 14 1434 - DOI: 10.1039/c7sm01929g - 2018
Some bacteria can act as catalysts to oxidize (or reduce) organic or inorganic matter with the potential of generating electrical current. Despite their high value for sustainable energy, organic compound production and bioremediation, a tool to probe the natural biodiversity and to select most efficient microbes is still lacking. Compartmentalized cell culture is an ideal strategy for achieving such a goal but the appropriate compartment allowing cell growth and electron exchange must be tailored. Here, we develop a conductive composite hydrogel made of a double network of alginate and carbon nanotubes. Homogeneous mixing of carbon nanotubes within the polyelectrolyte is obtained by a surfactant assisted dispersion followed by a desorption step for triggering electrical conductivity. Dripping the mixture in a gelling bath through simple extrusion or a double one allows the formation of either plain hydrogel beads or liquid core hydrogel capsules. The process is shown to be compatible with the bacterial culture (Geobacter sulfurreducens). Bacteria can indeed colonize the outer wall of plain beads or the inner wall of the conductive capsules' shell that function as an anode from which electrons produced by the cells are collected.

Micropipette-powered droplet based microfluidics
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Krzysztof Langer, Nicolas Bremonda, Laurent Boitard, Jean Baudry, and Jérôme Bibette
Biomicrofluidics - 12 044106 - https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5037795 - 2018
Droplet-based microfluidics, using water-in-oil emulsion droplets as micro-reactors, is becoming a widespread method for performing assays and especially in the cell biology field. Making a simple and highly portable system for creating emulsion droplets would help to continue the popularization of such a technique. Also, the ability to emulsify all the samples would strengthen this compartimenlization technique to handle samples with limited volume. Here, we propose a strategy of droplet formation that combines a classical flow-focusing microfluidic chip, which could be commercially available, with a standard laboratory adjustable micropipette. The micropipette is used as a negative pressure generator for controlling liquid flows. In that way, emulsification does neither require any electrical power supply nor a cumbersome device and functions with small liquid volumes. Droplet formation can be easily and safely performed in places with limited space, opening a wide range of applications especially in biological laboratory environments with higher level of safety regulations, i.e., BSL-3/4. Fortunately, the present methodology that involves small fluid volumes, and thus possible time dependent flow conditions, allows to minimize dead volume while keeping drops' size homogeneous. A physical characterization of droplet production and a model that describes the emulsion features, in terms of drop size and size distribution, are proposed for rationalizing the performances of the micropipette-powered emulsification process.
Adaptive response of yeast cells to triggered toxicity of phosphoribulokinase.
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Rouzeau C Dagkesamanskaya A Langer K Bibette J Baudry J Pompon D Anton-Leberre V
Res Microbiol - 169(6) 335-342 - DOI : 10.1016/j.resmic.2018.06.002 - 2018
Adjustment of plasmid copy number resulting from the balance between positive and negative impacts of borne synthetic genes, plays a critical role in the global efficiency of multistep metabolic engineering. Differential expression of co-expressed engineered genes is frequently observed depending on growth phases, metabolic status and triggered adjustments of plasmid copy numbers, constituting a dynamic process contributing to minimize global engineering burden. A yeast model involving plasmid based expression of phosphoribulokinase (PRKp), a key enzyme for the reconstruction of synthetic Calvin cycle, was designed to gain further insights into such a mechanism. A conditional PRK expression cassette was cloned either onto a low (ARS-CEN based) or a high (2-micron origin based) copy number plasmid using complementation of a trp1 genomic mutation as constant positive selection. Evolution of plasmid copy numbers, PRKp expressions, and cell growth rates were dynamically monitored following gene de-repression through external doxycycline concentration shifts. In the absence of RubisCO encoding gene permitting metabolic recycling, PRKp expression that led to depletion of ribulose phosphate, a critical metabolite for aromatic amino-acids biosynthesis, and accumulation of the dead-end diphosphate product contribute to toxicity. Triggered copy number adjustment was found to be a dynamic process depending both on plasmid types and levels of PRK induction. With the ARS-CEN plasmid, cell growth was abruptly affected only when level PRKp expression exceeded a threshold value. In contrast, a proportional relationship was observed with the 2-micron plasmid consistent with large copy number adjustments. Micro-compartment partitioning of bulk cultures by embedding individual cells into inverse culture medium/oil droplets, revealed the presence of slow and fast growing subpopulations that differ in relative proportions for low and high copy number plasmids.
Adaptive response of yeast cells to triggered toxicity of phosphoribulokinase.
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Rouzeau C Dagkesamanskaya A Langer K Bibette J Baudry J Pompon D Anton-Leberre V
Res Microbiol - 169(6) 335-342 - DOI : 10.1016/j.resmic.2018.06.002 - 2018
Adjustment of plasmid copy number resulting from the balance between positive and negative impacts of borne synthetic genes, plays a critical role in the global efficiency of multistep metabolic engineering. Differential expression of co-expressed engineered genes is frequently observed depending on growth phases, metabolic status and triggered adjustments of plasmid copy numbers, constituting a dynamic process contributing to minimize global engineering burden. A yeast model involving plasmid based expression of phosphoribulokinase (PRKp), a key enzyme for the reconstruction of synthetic Calvin cycle, was designed to gain further insights into such a mechanism. A conditional PRK expression cassette was cloned either onto a low (ARS-CEN based) or a high (2-micron origin based) copy number plasmid using complementation of a trp1 genomic mutation as constant positive selection. Evolution of plasmid copy numbers, PRKp expressions, and cell growth rates were dynamically monitored following gene de-repression through external doxycycline concentration shifts. In the absence of RubisCO encoding gene permitting metabolic recycling, PRKp expression that led to depletion of ribulose phosphate, a critical metabolite for aromatic amino-acids biosynthesis, and accumulation of the dead-end diphosphate product contribute to toxicity. Triggered copy number adjustment was found to be a dynamic process depending both on plasmid types and levels of PRK induction. With the ARS-CEN plasmid, cell growth was abruptly affected only when level PRKp expression exceeded a threshold value. In contrast, a proportional relationship was observed with the 2-micron plasmid consistent with large copy number adjustments. Micro-compartment partitioning of bulk cultures by embedding individual cells into inverse culture medium/oil droplets, revealed the presence of slow and fast growing subpopulations that differ in relative proportions for low and high copy number plasmids.
Use of photoswitchable fluorescent proteins for droplet-based microfluidic screening
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Adilya Dagkesamanskaya 1, Krzysztof Langer , Alexandra S Tauzin , Catherine Rouzeau , Delphine Lestrade , Gabrielle Potocki-Veronese , Laurent Boitard , Jérôme Bibette , Jean Baudry , Denis Pompon , Véronique Anton-Leberre
J Microbiol Methods. - 147 59-65 - DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2018.03.001 - 2018
Application of droplet-based microfluidics for the screening of microbial libraries is one of the important ongoing developments in functional genomics/metagenomics. In this article, we propose a new method that can be employed for high-throughput profiling of cell growth. It consists of light-driven labelling droplets that contain growing cells directly in a microfluidics observation chamber, followed by recovery of the labelled cells. This method is based on intracellular expression of green-to-red switchable fluorescent proteins. The proof of concept is established here for two commonly used biological models, E. coli and S. cerevisiae. Growth of cells in droplets was monitored under a microscope and, depending on the targeted phenotype, the fluorescence of selected droplets was switched from a "green" to a "red" state. Red fluorescent cells from labelled droplets were then successfully detected, sorted with the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting machine and recovered. Finally, the application of this method for different kind of screenings, in particular of metagenomic libraries, is discussed and this idea is validated by the analysis of a model mini-library.
Microfluidic magnetic fluidized bed for DNA analysis in continuous flow mode
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Iván Hernández-Neuta, IagoPereiro, Annika Ahlforda, DavideFerraro, Qiongdi Zhang, Jean-LouisViovy, Stéphanie Descroix, Mats Nilssona
ELSEVIER - 102 531-539 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2017.11.064 - 2018
Magnetic solid phase substrates for biomolecule manipulation have become a valuable tool for simplification and automation of molecular biology protocols. However, the handling of magnetic particles inside microfluidic chips for miniaturized assays is often challenging due to inefficient mixing, aggregation, and the advanced instrumentation required for effective actuation. Here, we describe the use of a microfluidic magnetic fluidized bed approach that enables dynamic, highly efficient and simplified magnetic bead actuation for DNA analysis in a continuous flow platform with minimal technical requirements. We evaluate the performance of this approach by testing the efficiency of individual steps of a DNA assay based on padlock probes and rolling circle amplification. This assay comprises common nucleic acid analysis principles, such as hybridization, ligation, amplification and restriction digestion. We obtained efficiencies of up to 90% for these reactions with high throughput processing up to 120 μL of DNA dilution at flow rates ranging from 1 to 5 μL/min without compromising performance. The fluidized bed was 20–50% more efficient than a commercially available solution for microfluidic manipulation of magnetic beads. Moreover, to demonstrate the potential of this approach for integration into micro-total analysis systems, we optimized the production of a low-cost polymer based microarray and tested its analytical performance for integrated single-molecule digital read-out. Finally, we provide the proof-of-concept for a single-chamber microfluidic chip that combines the fluidized bed with the polymer microarray for a highly simplified and integrated magnetic bead-based DNA analyzer, with potential applications in diagnostics.
Dissecting Effects of Anti-cancer Drugs and Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts by On-Chip Reconstitution of Immunocompetent Tumor Microenvironments
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Marie Nguyen 1, Adele De Ninno, Arianna Mencattini, Fanny Mermet-Meillon, Giulia Fornabaio, Sophia S Evans, Mélissande Cossutta, Yasmine Khira, Weijing Han, Philémon Sirven, Floriane Pelon, Davide Di Giuseppe, Francesca Romana Berta
Cell Reports - 25(13) 3884-3893 - DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.12.015 - 2018
major challenge in cancer research is the complexity of the tumor microenvironment, which includes the host immunological setting. Inspired by the emerging technology of organ-on-chip, we achieved 3D co-cultures in microfluidic devices (integrating four cell populations: cancer, immune, endothelial, and fibroblasts) to reconstitute ex vivo a human tumor ecosystem (HER2+ breast cancer). We visualized and quantified the complex dynamics of this tumor-on-chip, in the absence or in the presence of the drug trastuzumab (Herceptin), a targeted antibody therapy directed against the HER2 receptor. We uncovered the capacity of the drug trastuzumab to specifically promote long cancer-immune interactions (>50 min), recapitulating an anti-tumoral ADCC (antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity) immune response. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) antagonized the effects of trastuzumab. These observations constitute a proof of concept that tumors-on-chip are powerful platforms to study ex vivo immunocompetent tumor microenvironments, to characterize ecosystem-level drug responses, and to dissect the roles of stromal components.
Microfluidic valve with zero dead volume and negligible back-flow for droplets handling
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - D.Ferraro, M.Serra, I. Ferrante, L.Viovy, S.Descroix
ELSEVIER - 25(13) 3884-3893 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2017.12.002 - 2018
Droplet microfluidics allows the implementation of several biochemical and bioanalytical protocols in microfluidic devices. However, this integration typically requires the use of microfluidic valves, which allow the control of different operations on the same channels network. Unfortunately, the valves commercially available are almost exclusively suitable for-single phase flow, and only one valve system compatible with multi-phase systems has been presented so far in the literature. We present here a new pinch-like valve that withstands high pressures (tested up to 4 bar), allows droplet manipulation and combines the advantages of conventional pinch valves regarding the absence of dead volume, while making negligible the backflow generated (less than 2 nL). The conception and design of the presented valve, based on numerical simulations, is performed by an optimized microfabrication strategy, combining PDMS soft-lithography and 3D printing technologies. The valves had been tested regarding their mechanical stability and proving their capability of allowing droplets passing through them, without any perturbation. Finally, the very small back-flow volume generated during the actuation, has been exploited for various applications in droplets microfluidics, like droplet handling, droplet-on-demand generation and sorting.
Single-step immunoassays and microfluidic droplet operation: Towards a versatile approach for detection of amyloid-β peptide-based biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Thanh DucMai, Davide Ferraro, Nacéra Abouda, Renaud Renault, Marco Serra, Nguyet ThuyTran, Jean-LouisViovy, Claire Smadja, Stéphanie Descroix, MyriamTaverna
ELSEVIER - 255 2126-2135 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2017.09.003 - 2018
In this study, single-step magnetic-beads based immunoassays was developed and for the first time adapted to microfluidic droplet operation for sequential determination of well-established amyloid-β peptide biomarkers (i.e. monomeric Aβ 1–42 and Aβ 1–40) for molecular diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). With the developed sandwich assay protocol, the capture antibodies (i.e. monoclonal anti-Aβ antibodies that are specific for N-terminus of Aβ 1–42 and Aβ 1–40) grafted onto magnetic beads and the detection antibodies (i.e. beta amyloid 1–16 monoclonal antibody labeled with horseradish peroxidase) can simultaneously bind to monomeric β peptides in a single step. Aβ 1–42 and Aβ 1–40 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were successfully detected using the developed batchwise immunoassay approach. With the aim at expanding the spectrum of traced Aβ peptides beyond Aβ 1–42 and Aβ 1–40 for more precise diagnostics of AD, the developed sandwich assay was for the first time coupled as a downstream module to peptide fractionation and collection using capillary isoelectric focusing. Demonstration of this methodological combination was carried out with Aβ 1–40, Aβ 1–40 and Aβ 5–40. The immunoassay in batchwise format was downscaled into a purpose-made microfluidic droplet platform allowing significant sample volume reduction and higher throughput. Using a series of 4 programmable magnetic tweezers to manipulate a train of nano-scale confined droplets containing magnetic beads, sample, washing and detection solutions, a sequence of 8 analyses could be realized within 45 min. This droplet based immunoassay was realized in a dedicated platform integrating an in-house-made light emitting diode (LED)-based fluorescent detector, replacing conventional microscopic setup so as to significantly reduce the construction cost and simplify the detection protocol. Using this microfluidic configuration coupled with LED-based detection, information on both Aβ 1–42 and Aβ 1–40 concentrations can be collected in a single sequence with less than 1 μL of sample.
Resolution improvement of 3D stereo-lithography through the direct laser trajectory programming: Application to microfluidic deterministic lateral displacement device
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Petra Juskova, Alexis Ollitrault, Marco Serra, Jean-Louis Viovy, Laurent Malaquin
Anal Chim Acta - 1000 239-247 - doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.062 - 2018
The vast majority of current microfluidic devices are produced using soft lithography, a technique with strong limitations regarding the fabrication of three-dimensional architectures. Additive manufacturing holds great promises to overcome these limitations, but conventional machines still lack the resolution required by most microfluidic applications. 3D printing machines based on two-photon lasers, in contrast, have the needed resolution but are too limited in speed and size of the global device. Here we demonstrate how the resolution of conventional stereolithographic machines can be improved by a direct programming of the laser path and can contribute to bridge the gap between the two above technologies, allowing the direct printing of features between 10 and 100 μm, corresponding to a large fraction of microfluidic applications. This strategy allows to achieve resolutions limited only by the physical size of the laser beam, decreasing by a factor at least 2× the size of the smallest features printable, and increasing their reproducibility by a factor 5. The approach was applied to produce an open microfluidic device with the reversible seal, integrating periodical patterns using the simple motifs, and validated by the fabrication of a deterministic lateral displacement particles sorting device. The sorting of polystyrene beads (diameter: 20 μm and 45 μm) was achieved with a specificity >95%, comparable with that achieved with arrays prepared by microlithography.
Resolution improvement of 3D stereo-lithography through the direct laser trajectory programming: Application to microfluidic deterministic lateral displacement device
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Petra Juskova, Alexis Ollitrault, Marco Serra, Jean-Louis Viovy, Laurent Malaquin
Anal Chim Acta - 1000 239-247 - doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.062 - 2018
The vast majority of current microfluidic devices are produced using soft lithography, a technique with strong limitations regarding the fabrication of three-dimensional architectures. Additive manufacturing holds great promises to overcome these limitations, but conventional machines still lack the resolution required by most microfluidic applications. 3D printing machines based on two-photon lasers, in contrast, have the needed resolution but are too limited in speed and size of the global device. Here we demonstrate how the resolution of conventional stereolithographic machines can be improved by a direct programming of the laser path and can contribute to bridge the gap between the two above technologies, allowing the direct printing of features between 10 and 100 μm, corresponding to a large fraction of microfluidic applications. This strategy allows to achieve resolutions limited only by the physical size of the laser beam, decreasing by a factor at least 2× the size of the smallest features printable, and increasing their reproducibility by a factor 5. The approach was applied to produce an open microfluidic device with the reversible seal, integrating periodical patterns using the simple motifs, and validated by the fabrication of a deterministic lateral displacement particles sorting device. The sorting of polystyrene beads (diameter: 20 μm and 45 μm) was achieved with a specificity >95%, comparable with that achieved with arrays prepared by microlithography.
On-a-chip tryptic digestion of transthyretin: a step toward an integrated microfluidic system for the follow-up of familial transthyretin amyloidosis
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Jeanne Bataille, Arthur Viodé, Iago Pereiro, Josiane P Lafleur, Fanny Varenne, Stéphanie Descroix, François Becher, Jörg P Kutter, Camille Roesch, Christian Poüs, Myriam Taverna, Antoine Pallandre, Claire Smadja, Isabelle Le Potier
Analyst - 143(5) 1077-1086 - DOI: 10.1039/c7an01737e - 2018
A microfluidic microreactor for trypsin mediated transthyretin (TTR) digestion has been developed as a step towards the elaboration of a fully integrated microdevice for the detection of a rare and disabling disease, the familial transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) which is related to specific TTR mutations. Therefore, an enzymatic microreactor coupled to an analytical step able to monitor the mutation of TTR on specific peptide fragments would allow an accurate monitoring of the treatment efficiency of ATTR. In this study, two types of immobilized trypsin microreactors have been investigated: a new miniaturized, microfluidic fluidized bed packed with trypsin functionalized magnetic particles (MPs), and a thiol-ene (TE) monolith-based chip. Their performances were first demonstrated with N-benzoyl-dl-arginine-4-nitroanilide hydrochloride BApNA, a low molecular weight substrate. High reaction yields (75.2%) have been reached within 0.6 min for the TE-based trypsin microreactor, while a lower yield (12.4%) was obtained for the micro-fluidized bed within a similar residence time. Transposition of the optimized conditions, developed with BApNA, to TTR digestion in the TE-based trypsin microreactor was successfully performed. We demonstrated that the TE-chip can achieve an efficient and reproducible digestion of TTR. This has been assessed by MS detection. In addition, TTR hydrolysis led to the production of a fragment of interest allowing the therapeutic follow-up of more than twenty possible ATTR mutations. High sequence coverage (90%), similar to those obtained with free trypsin, was achieved in a short time (2.4 min). Repeated experiments showed good reproducibility (RSD = 6.8%). These promising results open up the route for an innovative treatment follow-up dedicated to ATTR.
On-chip conductometric detection of short DNA sequences via electro-hydrodynamic aggregation
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - B. Venzac, M. L. Diakité, D. Herthnek, I. Cissé, U. Bockelmann, S. Descroix, L. Malaquinabcf and J.-L. Viovy
Analyst - 143 190-199 - https://doi.org/10.1039/C7AN00798A - 2018
Fluorescence measurement is the main technology for post-amplification DNA detection in automated systems. Direct electrical reading of DNA concentration in solution could be an interesting alternative to go toward more miniaturized or less expensive devices, in particular in the pathogen detection field. Here we present the detection of short bacterial biomarkers with a direct impedancemetric measurement, within solutions of amplified and elongated DNA sequences in a microchannel. This technology relies on the electrohydrodynamic instability occurring in solutions of long charged macromolecules in a strong electric field. This instability specifically induces the aggregation of long DNAs and triggers conductivity variations that can be monitored by on-contact conductometry. An innovative isothermal amplification and elongation strategy was developed, combining SDA and HRCA reactions, in order to yield long DNAs suitable to be detected by the above principle, from a dilute initial DNA target. In contrast with previous label-free detection methods, this new strategy is very robust to matrix effects, thanks to the unique molecular weight dependence of the instability, coupled with this specific DNA amplification strategy. We demonstrate the detection of a 1 pM gene sequence specific to Staphylococcus aureus, in a portable system.

A new biomimetic assay reveals the temporal role of matrix stiffening in cancer cell invasion
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Ralitza Staneva, Federica Burla, Gijsje H. Koenderink, Stéphanie Descroix, Danijela Matic Vignjevic, Youmna Attieh, and Marine Verhulse
Mol Biol Cell - 29(25) 2979–2988 - doi: 10.1091/mbc.E18-01-0068 - 2018
Tumor initiation and growth is associated with significant changes in the surrounding tissue. During carcinoma progression, a global stiffening of the extracellular matrix is observed and is interpreted as a signature of aggressive invasive tumors. However, it is still unknown whether this increase in matrix rigidity promotes invasion and whether this effect is constant along the course of invasion. Here we have developed a biomimetic in vitro assay that enabled us to address the question of the importance of tissue rigidity in the chronology of tumor invasion. Using low concentrations of the sugar threose, we can effectively stiffen reconstituted collagen I matrices and control the stiffening in time with no direct effect on residing cells. Our findings demonstrate that, depending on the timing of its stiffening, the extracellular matrix could either inhibit or promote cancer cell invasion and subsequent metastasis: while matrix stiffening after the onset of invasion promotes cancer cell migration and tumor spreading, stiff matrices encapsulate the tumor at an early stage and prevent cancer cell invasion. Our study suggests that adding a temporal dimension in in vitro models to analyze biological processes in four dimensions is necessary to fully capture their complexity.
Advanced immunocapture of milk-borne Salmonella by microfluidic magnetically stabilized fluidized bed
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Jana Srbova Pavla Krulisova Lucie Holubova Iago Pereiro Amel Bendali Audrey Hamiot Veronika Podzemna Jan Macak Bruno Dupuy Stephanie Descroix Jean-Louis Viovy Zuzana Bilkova
Institut Curie - - DOI : 10.1002/elps.201700257 - 2018
The success of microfluidic immunocapture based on magnetic beads depends primarily on a sophisticated microscale separation system and on the quality of the magnetic immunosorbent. A microfluidic chip containing a magnetically stabilized fluidized bed (μMSFB), developed for the capture and on-chip amplification of bacteria, was recently described by Pereiro et al.. The present work shows the thorough development of anti-Salmonella magnetic immunosorbents with the optimal capture efficiency and selectivity. Based on the corresponding ISO standards, these parameters have to be high enough to capture even a few cells of bacteria in a proper aliquot of sample, e.g. milk. The selection of specific anti-Salmonella IgG molecules and the conditions for covalent bonding were the key steps in preparing an immunosorbent of the desired quality. The protocol for immunocapturing was first thoroughly optimized and studied in a batchwise arrangement, and then the carrier was integrated into the μMSFB chip. The combination of the unique design of the chip (guaranteeing the collision of cells with magnetic beads) with the advanced immunosorbent led to a Salmonella cell capture efficiency of up to 99%. These high values were achieved repeatedly even in samples of milk differing in fat content. The rate of nonspecific capture of Escherichia coli (i.e. the negative control) was only 2%.
Design of experiments as tools to tailor impregnated polymers specific for radionuclides separation in microsystems
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Marion Losno, Ivan Ferrante, René Brennetot, Stéphanie Descroix, Clarisse Mariet
ELSEVIER - 127 48-54 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2018.04.001 - 2018
An experimental design is described for optimization of the microscopic morphology of a methacrylate monolith that was elaborated for chromatographic separation of radionuclides in nitric acid media. This paper presents a systematic study of the synthesis of the polymeric porous monolith poly(ethylene glycol dimethacrylate-co-allyl methacrylate) used as solid-phase support and a post-functionalization of the monolith in microsystem with tributyl phosphate extractant. Polymerization time and chemical composition of the polymerizable mixture that comprises water, 1,4-butanediol, 1-propanol, monomers were chosen as the most relevant experimental factors of the photochemical process. Using the globules area as a significant response of an experimental design, the monolith morphology can be predicted. A new versatile and robust impregnation process was developed in microsystem. The designed micro chromatographic system showed a good resistance in concentrated nitric acid and a great loading capacity compared to commercially available solution (150 mg U versus 75 mgU/g resin).
High-resolution Volume Imaging of Neurons by the Use of Fluorescence eXclusion Method and Dedicated Microfluidic Devices
Laboratoire Macromolécules et Microsystèmes en Biologie et Médecine - Céline Braïni, Angelo Mottolese, Ivan Ferrante, Sylvain Monnier, Catherine Villard
Neuroscience - - doi: 10.3791/56923 - 2018
Volume is an important parameter regarding physiological and pathological characteristics of neurons at different time scales. Neurons are quite unique cells regarding their extended ramified morphologies and consequently raise several methodological challenges for volume measurement. In the particular case of in vitro neuronal growth, the chosen methodology should include sub-micrometric axial resolution combined with full-field observation on time scales from minutes to hours or days. Unlike other methods like cell shape reconstruction using confocal imaging, electrically-based measurements or Atomic Force Microscopy, the recently developed Fluorescence eXclusion method (FXm) has the potential to fulfill these challenges. However, although being simple in its principle, implementation of a high-resolution FXm for neurons requires multiple adjustments and a dedicated methodology. We present here a method based on the combination of fluorescence exclusion, low-roughness multi-compartments microfluidic devices, and finally micropatterning to achieve in vitro measurements of local neuronal volume. The high resolution provided by the device allowed us to measure the local volume of neuronal processes (neurites) and the volume of some specific structures involved in neuronal growth, such as growth cones (GCs).
Flow and fracture near the sol–gel transition of silica nanoparticle suspensions
Laboratoire Microfluidique MEMS et nanostructures - Gustavo E. Gimenes a and Elisabeth Bouchaudbc
Soft Matter - 14 8036-8043 - DOI:10.1039/C8SM01247D - 2018
We analyze the evolution of the mechanical response of a colloidal suspension to an external tensile stress, from fracture to flow, as a function of the distance from the sol–gel transition. We cease to observe cracks at a finite distance from the transition. In an intermediate region where the phenomenon is clearly hysteretic, we observe the coexistence of both flow and fracture. Even when cracks are observed, the material in fact flows over a distance that increases in the vicinity of the transition.
Micro fl uidic actuators based on temperature-responsive hydrogels
Laboratoire Microfluidique MEMS et nanostructures - Loïc D'Eramo, Benjamin Chollet, Marie Leman, Ekkachai Martwong, Mengxing Li, Hubert Geisler, Jules Dupire, Margaux Kerdraon, Clémence Vergne, Fabrice Monti, Yvette Tran and Patrick Tabeling
Microsystems & Nanoengineering - 4 17069 - doi:10.1038/micronano.2017.69 - 2018
The concept of using stimuli-responsive hydrogels to actuatefluids in microfluidic devices is particularly attractive, but limitations,in terms of spatial resolution, speed, reliability and integration, have hindered its development during the past two decades. By patterning and grafting poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) PNIPAM hydrogel films on plane substrates with a 2μm horizontal resolution and closing the system afterward, we have succeeded in unblocking bottlenecks that thermo-sensitive hydrogel technology has
been challenged with until now. In this paper, we demonstrate, for thefi rst time with this technology, devices with up to 7800
actuated micro-cages that sequester and release solutes, along with valves actuated individually with closing and opening switching
times of 0.6 ± 0.1 and 0.25± 0.15 s, respectively. Two applications of this technology are illustrated in the domain of single cell
handling and the nuclear acid amplification test (NAAT) for the Human Synaptojanin 1 gene, which is suspected to be involved in several neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. The performance of the temperature-responsive hydrogels we
demonstrate here suggests that in association with their moderate costs, hydrogels may represent an alternative to the actuation orhandling techniques currently used in microfluidics, that are, pressure actuated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) valves and droplets


515 publications.