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Polarization of Myosin II Refines Tissue Material Properties to Buffer Mechanical Stress
Laboratoire Biologie cellulaire systémique de la polarité et de la division - Maria Duda, Natalie J Kirkland, Nargess Khalilgharibi, Melda Tozluoglu , Alice C Yuen , Nicolas Carpi , Anna Bove , Matthieu Piel , Guillaume Charras , Buzz Baum , Yanlan Mao
Dev Cell - 48(2) 245-260.e7 - DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2018.12.020 - 2020
mTOR activation is essential and sufficient to cause polycystic kidneys in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) and other genetic disorders. In disease models, a sharp increase of proliferation and cyst formation correlates with a dramatic loss of oriented cell division (OCD). We find that OCD distortion is intrinsically due to S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) activation. The concomitant loss of S6K1 in Tsc1-mutant mice restores OCD but does not decrease hyperproliferation, leading to non-cystic harmonious hyper growth of kidneys. Mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics for S6K1 substrates revealed Afadin, a known component of cell-cell junctions required to couple intercellular adhesions and cortical cues to spindle orientation. Afadin is directly phosphorylated by S6K1 and abnormally decorates the apical surface of Tsc1-mutant cells with E-cadherin and α-catenin. Our data reveal that S6K1 hyperactivity alters centrosome positioning in mitotic cells, affecting oriented cell division and promoting kidney cysts in conditions of mTOR hyperactivity.
mTOR and S6K1 drive polycystic kidney by the control of Afadin-dependent oriented cell division
Laboratoire Biologie cellulaire systémique de la polarité et de la division - Martina Bonucci, Nicolas Kuperwasser, Serena Barbe, Vonda Koka, Delphine de Villeneuve, Chi Zhang, Nishit Srivastava, Xiaoying Jia, Matthew P Stokes, Frank Bienaimé, Virginie Verkarre, Jean Baptiste Lopez, Fanny Jaulin, Marco Pontoglio, Fabiola Terzi, Be
Nature Communications - - DOI : 10.1038/s41467-020-16978-z - 2020
mTOR activation is essential and sufficient to cause polycystic kidneys in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) and other genetic disorders. In disease models, a sharp increase of proliferation and cyst formation correlates with a dramatic loss of oriented cell division (OCD). We find that OCD distortion is intrinsically due to S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) activation. The concomitant loss of S6K1 in Tsc1-mutant mice restores OCD but does not decrease hyperproliferation, leading to non-cystic harmonious hyper growth of kidneys. Mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics for S6K1 substrates revealed Afadin, a known component of cell-cell junctions required to couple intercellular adhesions and cortical cues to spindle orientation. Afadin is directly phosphorylated by S6K1 and abnormally decorates the apical surface of Tsc1-mutant cells with E-cadherin and α-catenin. Our data reveal that S6K1 hyperactivity alters centrosome positioning in mitotic cells, affecting oriented cell division and promoting kidney cysts in conditions of mTOR hyperactivity.
Mechanochemical Crosstalk Produces Cell-Intrinsic Patterning of the Cortex to Orient the Mitotic Spindle.
Laboratoire Biologie cellulaire systémique de la polarité et de la division - Andrea Dimitracopoulos, Pragya Srivastava, Agathe Chaigne, Zaw Win, Roie Shlomovitz, Oscar M Lancaster, Maël Le Berre, Matthieu Piel, Kristian Franze, Guillaume Salbreux, Buzz Baum
Current biology - - DOI : S0960-9822(20)30984-2 - 2020
Proliferating animal cells are able to orient their mitotic spindles along their interphase cell axis, setting up the axis of cell division, despite rounding up as they enter mitosis. This has previously been attributed to molecular memory and, more specifically, to the maintenance of adhesions and retraction fibers in mitosis [1-6], which are thought to act as local cues that pattern cortical Gαi, LGN, and nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA) [3, 7-18]. This cortical machinery then recruits and activates Dynein motors, which pull on astral microtubules to position the mitotic spindle. Here, we reveal a dynamic two-way crosstalk between the spindle and cortical motor complexes that depends on a Ran-guanosine triphosphate (GTP) signal [12], which is sufficient to drive continuous monopolar spindle motion independently of adhesive cues in flattened human cells in culture. Building on previous work [1, 12, 19-23], we implemented a physical model of the system that recapitulates the observed spindle-cortex interactions. Strikingly, when this model was used to study spindle dynamics in cells entering mitosis, the chromatin-based signal was found to preferentially clear force generators from the short cell axis, so that cortical motors pulling on astral microtubules align bipolar spindles with the interphase long cell axis, without requiring a fixed cue or a physical memory of interphase shape. Thus, our analysis shows that the ability of chromatin to pattern the cortex during the process of mitotic rounding is sufficient to translate interphase shape into a cortical pattern that can be read by the spindle, which then guides the axis of cell division.
ATR is essential for preservation of cell mechanics and nuclear integrity during interstitial migration
Laboratoire Biologie cellulaire systémique de la polarité et de la division - Gururaj Rao Kidiyoor, Qingsen Li, Giulia Bastianello, Christopher Bruhn, Irene Giovannetti, Adhil Mohamood, Galina V. Beznoussenko, Alexandre Mironov, Matthew Raab, Matthieu Piel, Umberto Restuccia, Vittoria Matafora, Angela Bachi, Sara
Nature Communications - 11 4828 - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18580-9 - 2020
ATR responds to mechanical stress at the nuclear envelope and mediates envelope-associated repair of aberrant topological DNA states. By combining microscopy, electron microscopic analysis, biophysical and in vivo models, we report that ATR-defective cells exhibit altered nuclear plasticity and YAP delocalization. When subjected to mechanical stress or undergoing interstitial migration, ATR-defective nuclei collapse accumulating nuclear envelope ruptures and perinuclear cGAS, which indicate loss of nuclear envelope integrity, and aberrant perinuclear chromatin status. ATR-defective cells also are defective in neuronal migration during development and in metastatic dissemination from circulating tumor cells. Our findings indicate that ATR ensures mechanical coupling of the cytoskeleton to the nuclear envelope and accompanying regulation of envelope-chromosome association. Thus the repertoire of ATR-regulated biological processes extends well beyond its canonical role in triggering biochemical implementation of the DNA damage response.

The nucleus acts as a ruler tailoring cell responses to spatial constraints
Laboratoire Biologie cellulaire systémique de la polarité et de la division - A. J. Lomakin, C. J. Cattin, D. Cuvelier, Z. Alraies, M. Molina. Nader, N. Sri
Science - 6514 370 - DOI: 10.1126/science.aba2894 - 2020
Single cells continuously experience and react to mechanical challenges in three-dimensional tissues. Spatial constraints in dense tissues, physical activity, and injury all impose changes in cell shape. How cells can measure shape deformations to ensure correct tissue development and homeostasis remains largely unknown (see the Perspective by Shen and Niethammer). Working independently, Venturini et al. and Lomakin et al. now show that the nucleus can act as an intracellular ruler to measure cellular shape variations. The nuclear envelope provides a gauge of cell deformation and activates a mechanotransduction pathway that controls actomyosin contractility and migration plasticity. The cell nucleus thereby allows cells to adapt their behavior to the local tissue microenvironment.
The impact of frost-damage on the quality and quantity of the secreted antigen-specific IgG repertoire
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Author links open overlay panelMagdaRybczynskaaJeanBaudryaEyerKlaus
Vaccine - 38(33) 5337-5342 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.066 - 2020
Freezing of alum-based vaccines drastically alters their colloidal composition and leads to irreversible cluster formation. The loss of stability is well described, but the impact of frost damage on the functionality of the induced and secreted antibody repertoire has not been studied in detail. We therefore applied our single-cell measurement platform to extract the frequencies of Immunoglobulin G-secreting cells in combination with individual secretion rates and affinities. We showed that, frost-damaged or not, the tested vaccine was able to generate similar frequencies of total and antigen-affine IgG-secreting cells. Additionally, the frost-damaged vaccine stimulated a similar T-cell cytokine secretion pattern when compared to the regularly stored vaccine. However, frost-damaged vaccines induced no efficient affinity maturation and a complete collapse of the affinity distribution was observed. This study unveiled the impact of frost-damage to alum-based vaccines on the induced secreted antibody repertoire, and illustrated the power of functional single-antibody analysis.

Dynamic single-cell phenotyping of immune cells using the microfluidic platform DropMap
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Yacine Bounab, Klaus Eyer, Sophie Dixneuf, Magda Rybczynska, Cécile Chauvel, Maxime Mistretta, Trang Tran, Nathan Aymerich, Guilhem Chenon, Jean-François Llitjos, Fabienne Venet, Guillaume Monneret, Iain A. Gillespie, Pierre Cortez, Virginie Moucadel, Al
Nature Protocols - 15 2920–2955 - https://www.nature.com/articles/s41596-020-0354-0 - 2020
Characterization of immune responses is currently hampered by the lack of systems enabling quantitative and dynamic phenotypic characterization of individual cells and, in particular, analysis of secreted proteins such as cytokines and antibodies. We recently developed a simple and robust microfluidic platform, DropMap, to measure simultaneously the kinetics of secretion and other cellular characteristics, including endocytosis activity, viability and expression of cell-surface markers, from tens of thousands of single immune cells. Single cells are compartmentalized in 50-pL droplets and analyzed using fluorescence microscopy combined with an immunoassay based on fluorescence relocation to paramagnetic nanoparticles aligned to form beadlines in a magnetic field. The protocol typically takes 8–10 h after preparation of microfluidic chips and chambers, which can be done in advance. By contrast, enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT), flow cytometry, time-of-flight mass cytometry (CyTOF), and single-cell sequencing enable only end-point measurements and do not enable direct, quantitative measurement of secreted proteins. We illustrate how this system can be used to profile downregulation of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion by single monocytes in septic shock patients, to study immune responses by measuring rates of cytokine secretion from single T cells, and to measure affinity of antibodies secreted by single B cells.
The Quantitative Assessment of the Secreted IgG Repertoire after Recall to Evaluate the Quality of Immunizations
Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés - Klaus Eyer, Carlos Castrillon, Guilhem Chenon, Jérôme Bibette, Pierre Bruhns, Andrew D. Griffiths and Jean Baudry
The Journal of Immunology - 205 8 - DOI: https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.2000112 - 2020
One of the major goals of vaccination is to prepare the body to rapidly secrete specific Abs during an infection. Assessment of the vaccine quality is often difficult to perform, as simple measurements like Ab titer only partly correlate with protection. Similarly, these simple measurements are not always sensitive to changes in the preceding immunization scheme. Therefore, we introduce in this paper a new, to our knowledge, method to assay the quality of immunization schemes for mice: shortly after a recall with pure Ag, we analyze the frequencies of IgG-secreting cells (IgG-SCs) in the spleen, as well as for each cells, the Ag affinity of the secreted Abs. We observed that after recall, appearance of the IgG-SCs within the spleen of immunized mice was fast (<24 h) and this early response was free of naive IgG-SCs. We further confirmed that our phenotypic analysis of IgG-SCs after recall strongly correlated with the different employed immunization schemes. Additionally, a phenotypic comparison of IgG-SCs presented in the spleen during immunization or after recall revealed similarities but also significant differences. The developed approach introduced a novel (to our knowledge), quantitative, and functional highly resolved alternative to study the quality of immunizations.
Optimised hyperbolic microchannels for the mechanical characterisation of bio-particles
Laboratoire Complex Suspensions - Yanan Liu, Konstantinos Zografos, Joana Fidalgo, Charles Duchene, Clement Quintard, Thierry Darnige, Vasco Filipe, Sylvain Huille, Olivia du Roure, Monica S. N. Oliveira and Anke Lindner
Soft Matter - 16 9844 - DOI: 10.1039/d0sm01293a - 2020
The transport of bio-particles in viscous flows exhibits a rich variety of dynamical behaviour, such as
morphological transitions, complex orientation dynamics or deformations. Characterising such complex
behaviour under well controlled flows is key to understanding the microscopic mechanical properties of
biological particles as well as the rheological properties of their suspensions. While generating regions of
simple shear flow in microfluidic devices is relatively straightforward, generating straining flows in which
the strain rate is maintained constant for a sufficiently long time to observe the objects’ morphologic
evolution is far from trivial. In this work, we propose an innovative approach based on optimised design
of microfluidic converging–diverging channels coupled with a microscope-based tracking method to
characterise the dynamic behaviour of individual bio-particles under homogeneous straining flow.
The tracking algorithm, combining a motorised stage and a microscopy imaging system controlled by
external signals, allows us to follow individual bio-particles transported over long-distances with highquality
images. We demonstrate experimentally the ability of the numerically optimised microchannels
to provide linear velocity streamwise gradients along the centreline of the device, allowing for extended
consecutive regions of homogeneous elongation and compression. We selected three test cases (DNA,
actin filaments and protein aggregates) to highlight the ability of our approach for investigating dynamics
of objects with a wide range of sizes, characteristics and behaviours of relevance in the biological world
Natural Abundance Oxygen-17 Solid-State NMR of Metal Organic Frameworks Enhanced by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Carnevale D, Mouchaham G, Wang S, Baudin M, Serre C, Bodenhausen G, Abergel D
ChemRxiv - - DOI: 10.26434/chemrxiv.12477449.v1 - 2020
The 17O resonances of Zirconium-oxo clusters that can be found in porous Zr carboxylate metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been investigated by magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy enhanced by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). High-resolution 17O spectra at 0.037 % natural abundance could be obtained in 48 hours, thanks to DNP enhancement of the 1H polarization by factors e(1H) = Swith/Swithout = 28, followed by 1H®17O cross-polarization, allowing a saving in experimental time by a factor of ca. 800. The distinct 17O sites from the oxo-clusters can be resolved at 18.8 T. Their assignment is supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations of chemical shifts and quadrupolar parameters.
One‐step versatile room temperature synthesis of metal(IV) carboxylate MOFs
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Shan Dai, Farid Nouar, Sanjun Zhang, Antoine Tissot, and Christian Serre
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed - - : https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202014184 - 2020
This manuscript has been accepted after peer review and appears as an Accepted Article online prior to editing, proofing, and formal publication of the final Version of Record (VoR). This work is currently citable by using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) given below. The VoR will be published online in Early View as soon as possible and may be different to this Accepted Article as a result of editing. Readers should obtain
the VoR from the journal website shown below when it is published to ensure accuracy of information. The authors are responsible for the content of this Accepted Article.
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for Powder Diffraction Data: Towards Unblinded Applications
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Shan Dai, Farid Nouar, Sanjun Zhang, Antoine Tissot, and Christian Serre
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed - - doi.org/10.1002/anie.202014184 - 2020
The development of room temperature green syntheses of robust MOFs is of great interest to meet the demand of the sustainable chemistry and is a pre‐requisite for the incorporation of functional but fragile compounds in water stable MOFs. However, only few ambient conditions routes to produce metal(IV) based MOFs have been reported and most of them suffer from a very low yield and/or multiple steps that preclude their use for most applications. We report here a new versatile one‐step synthesis of a series of highly porous M 6 oxoclusters based MOFs (M= Zr, Hf, Ce) at room temperature, including 8 or 12‐connected micro/mesoporous solids with different functionalized organic ligands. The resulting compounds show varying degrees of defectivity, particularly for 12‐connected phases, while maintaining the chemical stability of the parent MOFs. We propose first insights for the efficient MOF preparation based on In‐situ kinetics observations. Remarkably, the synthetic versatility not only allows an efficient room temperature synthesis with a high space‐time yield, but also gives possibility to tune the particle size, which therefore paves the way for their practical use.
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for Powder Diffraction Data: Towards Unblinded Applications
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Dmitry Chernyshov, Iurii Dovgaliuk, Vadim Dyadkin and Wouter van Beek
CRYSTALS - 10 7 - https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10070581 - 2020
We analyze the application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for untangling the main contributions to changing diffracted intensities upon variation of site occupancy and lattice dimensions induced by external stimuli. The information content of the PCA output consists of certain functions of Bragg angles (loadings) and their evolution characteristics that depend on external variables like pressure or temperature (scores). The physical meaning of the PCA output is to date not well understood. Therefore, in this paper, the intensity contributions are first derived analytically, then compared with the PCA components for model data; finally PCA is applied for the real data on isothermal gas uptake by nanoporous framework γ –Mg(BH 4 ) 2 . We show that, in close agreement with previous analysis of modulation diffraction, the variation of intensity of Bragg lines and the displacements of their positions results in a series of PCA components. Every PCA extracted component may be a mixture of terms carrying information on the average structure, active sub-structure, and their cross-term. The rotational ambiguities, that are an inherently part of PCA extraction, are at the origin of the mixing. For the experimental case considered in the paper, the extraction of the physically meaningful loadings and scores can only be achieved with a rotational correction. Finally, practical recommendations for non-blind applications, i.e., what boundary conditions to apply for the the rotational correction, of PCA for diffraction data are given.
Non-Isothermal Kinetics of Kr Adsorption by Nanoporous γ-Mg(BH4)2 from in Situ Synchrotron Powder Diffraction
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Iurii Dovgaliuk*, Vadim Dyadkin, Mathieu Vander Donckt, Yaroslav Filinchuk*, and Dmitry Chernyshov
ACS Publications - 12(6) 7710–7716 - https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b19239 - 2020
Crystalline materials with pore dimensions comparable to the kinetic diameters of the guest molecules are attractive for their potential use in adsorption and separation applications. The nanoporous γ-Mg(BH4)2 features one-dimensional channels matching this criterion for Kr uptake, which has been probed using synchrotron powder diffraction at various pressures and temperatures. It results in two coexisting crystalline phases with the limiting composition Mg(BH4)2·0.66Kr expecting the highest Kr content (50.7 wt % in the crystalline phase) reported for porous materials. Quasi-equilibrium isobars built from Rietveld refinements of Kr site occupancies were rationalized with a noncooperative lattice gas model, yielding the values of the thermodynamic parameters. The latter were independently confirmed from Kr fluorescence. We have also parameterized the pronounced kinetic hysteresis with a modified mean-field model adopted for the Arrhenius kinetics.
Factors Determining Microporous Material Stability in Water: The Curious Case of SAPO-37
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Georgios N. Kalantzopoulos, Fredrik Lundvall, Knut Thorshaug, Anna Lind, Ponniah Vajeeston, Iurii Dovgaliuk, Bjørnar Arstad, David S. Wragg, and Helmer Fjellvåg
ACS Publications - 32(4) 1495–1505 - https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b04510 - 2020
Silicoaluminophosphates (SAPOs) are a special class of zeolites that, due to their acidic and shape-selective properties, play a major role in ion exchange and separation processes and in crude oil cracking. SAPO-37 has the faujasite (FAU) topology same as zeolites X and Y, which are involved in more than 40% of the total crude oil conversion worldwide. A critical parameter that promotes detrimental structural transformations in SAPOs during real-life applications is the presence of humidity. In this study, we employ a multidisciplinary approach combining in situ synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXRD), water adsorption, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to describe the mechanism and reveal the reasons why SAPO-37 collapses upon contact with humidity below 345 K. SR-PXRD revealed that the sodalite (SOD) cages (subunits of the FAU structure) have the strongest affinity to water during hydration below 345 K. Furthermore, below 345 K, the faujasite framework takes up an order of magnitude more water molecules than at temperatures above 345 K. DRIFTS confirmed the presence of Si–OH and P–OH surface structural defects that act as hydration centers, accelerating the loss of a long-range order. Finally, DFT calculations showed that the enthalpy of water adsorption in the sodalite cage and the faujasite supercage is −212 and −13 kJ/mol, respectively. The results presented in this work are highly topical for understanding the effect of water on the frameworks of the SAPO microporous catalysts family. The notorious instability of SAPO-37 is the result of the accumulative contribution of topological, physical, and chemical effects, leading to an array of rapidly evolving cascading effects. Our work shows how advancements in SR-PXRD methodology and hardware give new insight into highly dynamic features previously difficult to observe. In addition, this work introduces the conceptual insight that nonhomogeneous sorption of molecular species will induce dynamic features with dramatic consequences at both molecular and atomic levels. This is a highly impactful factor opening research paths for further work within catalysis, porous material design and chemistry, and sorption reactions and processes.
Metal-organic magnets with large coercivity and ordering temperatures up to 242°C
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Panagiota Perlepe, Itziar Oyarzabal, Aaron Mailman4, Morgane Yquel, Mikhail
Science - 370(6516) 587-592 - DOI: 10.1126/science.abb3861 - 2020
Permanent magnets are generally produced from solid metals or alloys. Less dense compositions involving lighter elements tend to demagnetize well below room temperature or under modest applied external fields. Perlepe et al. now report that chemical reduction of a low-density chromium-pyrazine network produces a magnet that remains stable above 200°C and resists demagnetization with 7500-oersted coercivity at room temperature. The straightforward synthetic route to the material shows promise for broad exploration of potential applications.
Kinetic Barriers and Microscopic Mechanisms of Noble Gas Adsorption by Nanoporous γ‐Mg(BH4)2 Obtained by means of Sub‐Second X‐Ray Diffraction
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Iurii Dovgaliuk Irena Senkovska Xiao Li Vadim Dyadkin Yaroslav Filinchuk Dmitry Chernyshov
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed - - https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202015019 - 2020
Gas adsorption by porous frameworks sometimes result in structure “breathing”, “pores opening/closing”, “negative gas adsorption”, and other fascinating phenomena which can be revealed and explained with the use of in situ diffraction methods. The time‐dependent diffraction is able to address both kinetics of the guest uptake and structural response of the host framework, since the time evolution of the crystal structure bears the information on the mechanisms and kinetic barriers of guest adsorption. Using such advanced sub‐second in situ powder X‐ray diffraction, three various intracrystalline diffusion scenarios have been evaluated from the isothermal kinetics of Ar, Kr, and Xe adsorption by nanoporous γ‑Mg(BH4)2. These scenarios are dictated by two possible simultaneous transport mechanisms: diffusion through the intra‐ (i) and interchannel apertures (ii) of γ‐Mg(BH4)2 crystal structure. The contribution of i and ii changes depending on the kinetic diameter of the noble gas molecule and temperature regime. The lowest single activation barrier for the smallest Ar suggests equal diffusion of the atoms trough both pathways. Contrary, for the medium sized Kr we resolve the contributions of two parallel transport mechanisms, which tentatively can be attributed to the smaller barrier of the migration paths via the channel like pores and the higher barrier for the diffusion via narrow aperture between these channels. Remarkably, the largest Xe atoms diffuse only along 1D channels and show the highest single activation barrier. This work demonstrates a potential of sub‐second diffraction to access site‐specific kinetics of guest uptake in multi‐adsorption site frameworks.

A Robust Titanium Isophthalate Metal-Organic Framework for Visible-Light Photocatalytic CO2 Methanation
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Sujing Wang Maria Cabrero-Antonino SergioNavalón Chen-chenCao AntoineTissot IuriiDovgaliuk JérômeMarrot CharlotteMartineau-Corcos LiangYu HaoWang WilliamShepard HermenegildoGarcía ChristianSerre1
Science - - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chempr.2020.10.017 - 2020
Isophthalic acid (IPA) has been considered to build metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), owing to its facile availability, unique connection angle-mode, and a wide range of functional groups attached. Constructing titanium-IPA frameworks that possess photoresponse properties is an alluring characteristic with respect to the challenge of synthesizing new titanium-based MOFs (Ti-MOFs). Here, we report the first Ti-IPA MOF (MIP-208) that efficiently combines the use of preformed Ti8 oxoclusters and in situ acetylation of the 5-NH2-IPA linker. The mixed solid-solution linkers strategy was successfully applied, resulting in a series of multivariate MIP-208 structures with tunable chemical environments and sizable porosity. MIP-208 shows the best result among the pure MOF catalysts for the photocatalytic methanation of carbon dioxide. To improve the photocatalytic performance, ruthenium oxide nanoparticles were photo-deposited on MIP-208, forming a highly active and selective composite catalyst, MIP-208@RuOx, which features a notable visible-light response coupled with excellent stability and recycling ability.
A Mesoporous Zirconium-Isophthalate Multifunctional Platform
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Ilich A.Ibarra, AídaGutiérrez-Alejandre, Ji Sun Lee, Jong-SanChang, ZhengLiu JérômeMarrot, WilliamShepard, GuillaumeMaurin, QiangXu, ChristianSerre
MATTER - - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matt.2020.10.009 - 2020
Mesoporous materials suffer from poor crystallinity and hydrolytic stability, lack of chemical diversity, insufficient pore accessibility, complex synthesis, and toxicity issues. Here the association of Zr-oxo clusters and isophthalate via a homometallic-multicluster-dot strategy results in a robust mesoporous metal-organic framework, denoted as MIP-206 (MIP stands for materials of the Institute of Porous Materials of Paris), that overcomes the aforementioned limitations. MIP-206, with a combination of Zr6 and Zr12 oxo-cluster inorganic building units into a single structure, exhibits meso-channels of ca. 2.6 nm and displays excellent chemical stability. Owing to the abundant variety of functionalized isophthalic acid linkers, the chemical environment of MIP-206 can be tuned without hampering pore accessibility. MIP-206 loaded with palladium nanoparticles acts as an efficient and durable catalyst for the dehydrogenation of formic acid, outperforming benchmark mesoporous materials. This paves the way toward the utilization of MIP-206 as a mesoporous platform for a wide range of potential applications.
Formation of a Single Crystal Aluminum Based MOF Nanowire with Graphene Oxide Nanoscrolls as Structure& Directing Agents
Laboratoire Institut des Matériaux Poreux de Paris - Dr. Mégane Muschi Anusha Lalitha Dr. Saad Sene Dr. Damien Aureau Dr. Mathieu Fregnaux Dr. Imène Esteve Dr. Lucie Rivier Dr. Naseem Ramsahye
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed - 59(26) - https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202000795 - 2020
An innovative strategy is proposed to synthesize single‐crystal nanowires (NWs) of the Al3+ dicarboxylate MIL‐69(Al) MOF by using graphene oxide nanoscrolls as structure‐directing agents. MIL‐69(Al) NWs with an average diameter of 70±20 nm and lengths up to 2 μm were found to preferentially grow along the [001] crystallographic direction. Advanced characterization methods (electron diffraction, TEM, STEM‐HAADF, SEM, XPS) and molecular modeling revealed the mechanism of formation of MIL‐69(Al) NWs involving size‐confinement and templating effects. The formation of MIL‐69(Al) seeds and the self‐scroll of GO sheets followed by the anisotropic growth of MIL‐69(Al) crystals are mediated by specific GO sheets/MOF interactions. This study delivers an unprecedented approach to control the design of 1D MOF nanostructures and superstructures.

515 publications.